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Environment

General Resources:    Wisconsin    National    International
Air Animals Energy
Environmental Health Global Warming Invasive Species
Plants Toxic Substances Water

General Resources

Wisconsin

  • Clean Wisconsin
    Clean Wisconsin, an environmental advocacy organization, provides information on environmental issues in Wisconsin. Topics covered include: climate change, energy, the Great Lakes, mining, pollution, and water quality. This site also provides information on current laws and legislation for many topics.
    http://www.cleanwisconsin.org/

  • Great Lakes Commission
    The Great Lakes Commission is a binational public agency dedicated to the use, management, and protection of the water, land, and other natural resources of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence system. Among this site's resources are numerous publications and useful links related to the system's resource management.
    http://www.glc.org/

  • Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission
    This site provides basic information and planning services for the Southeastern Wisconsin Region. It includes information on the local environmental, transportation, and land use topics.
    http://www.sewrpc.org/

  • Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (DNR)
    The DNR’s website provides information and free publications on a wide variety of topics related to the management of Wisconsin’s natural resources.
    http://dnr.wi.gov/

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National

  • Encyclopedia of Earth
    Encyclopedia of Earth is an electronic reference about the Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society. This site provides a free, fully searchable collection of articles written by scholars, professionals, educators, and experts who collaborate and review each other's work. This site also provides access to the full text of a limited number of electronic books.
    http://www.eoearth.org/

  • Envirofacts Data Warehouse
    This site provides access to several Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) databases and allows you to access information on environmental activities that may affect air, water, and land anywhere in the United States. Use Envirofacts to retrieve data or generate maps of environmental information by choosing from mapping applications available through this site.
    http://www.epa.gov/enviro/index.html

  • Environmental Working Group
    This watchdog organization aims to expose wrongdoing in government, industry, and academia. Its website focuses on the intersection of the environment and human health, and includes research and investigation results for issues such as environmental toxins, agriculture, and public lands.
    http://www.ewg.org/

  • National Audubon Society
    This site provides a wealth of information on birds of North America, as well as other topics related to conservation and natural ecosystems. It also includes access to Audubon magazine and a visually stunning digitized copy of John James Audubon’s 1840 edition of Birds of America.
    http://www.audubon.org/

  • National Library for the Environment
    A division of the National Council for Science and the Environment, the National Library of the Environment currently posts Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports on environmental and related topics. These reports undergo review for accuracy and objectivity and contain non-technical information that can be useful to people interested in environmental policy.
    http://cnie.org/NLE/CRS/

  • National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    NOAA supplies information that pertains to the state of the oceans and the atmosphere. NOAA is a trusted source of accurate and objective scientific information in four particular areas of national and global importance: Ecosystems, Climate, Weather & Water, and Commerce & Transportation.
    http://www.noaa.gov/index.html

  • NatureServe
    Created by the Association of Biodiversity Information, this site provides access to information on more than 70,000 plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States, Canada, and Latin America. Entries for organisms provide common name, scientific name, taxonomic hierarchy, distribution, conservation status, ecology and life history information, references, and more. NatureServe includes particularly in-depth coverage for rare and endangered species.
    http://www.natureserve.org/

  • Science.gov
    Science.gov is a gateway to authoritative online science information provided by U.S. government agencies. It includes access to information on topics such as biology and nature, energy, earth and ocean sciences, environment, and science education.
    http://science.gov/

  • United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    This site provides access to an abundance of information on topics pertaining to the environment and its impact on human health. Topics covered include: air pollution, climate change, hazardous waste, pesticides, and water resources.
    http://www.epa.gov

  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service
    The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service site provides access to policies, laws, regulations, procedures, planning efforts, scientific research, and educational activities related to the conservation of fish, wildlife, plants, and habitats. Among the site’s resources are information on endangered species, numerous handouts and publications, and an image library.
    http://www.fws.gov/

  • United States Geological Survey (USGS)
    As the Nation's largest water, earth, and biological science and civilian mapping agency, the U.S. Geological Survey collects, monitors, analyzes, and provides scientific understanding about natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The USGS website provides access to maps, publications, images, and data on a variety of topics.
    http://www.usgs.gov/

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International

  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
    UNEP is the voice for the environment in the United Nations system. Its mission is "to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations." Among this site’s resources are links to numerous maps, publications, and reports.
    http://www.unep.org/

  • World Health Organization - Quantifying Environmental Health Impacts
    This site provides materials and information related to the World Health Organization’s efforts to quantify environmental health impacts. Included among this site's resources are country profiles of the environmental burden of disease, world maps for a variety of environmental risk factors, access to publications, and much more.
    http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/en/

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Air

  • AirData
    This site provides access to yearly summaries of United States air pollution data, taken from the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) air pollution databases. Data is provided for all fifty states plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
    http://www.epa.gov/airquality/airdata/

  • AIRNow
    This site was developed to provide the public with easy access to national air quality information. The site offers daily Air Quality Index (AQI) forecasts, as well as real-time AQI conditions for cities across the United States. It also provides links to more detailed state and local air quality sites.
    http://airnow.gov/

  • Environmental Protection Agency – Air
    The EPA site provides information on a variety of topics related to air. This page provides access to information on acid rain, air pollution, ozone monitoring, vehicle emissions, and much more.
    http://www.epa.gov/air/

  • WINDandSEA Internet Guide
    This site, provided by the Central Library of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), is an extensive gateway to information on oceanic and atmospheric issues. Presently it has over 1,000 selected links to science and policy sites organized by topic. All of the sites have been reviewed and annotated by NOAA Central Library and NOAA Regional Libraries staff.
    http://www.lib.noaa.gov/docs/wind/windandsea.html

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Animals

  • AmphibiaWeb
    This site offers access to taxonomic information for amphibians of the world. Species accounts are added regularly and provide species descriptions, life history information, conservation status, literature references, photos, and range maps for many species.
    http://amphibiaweb.org/

  • Animal Diversity Web
    From the University of Michigan, this online database provides information on animal natural history, distribution, classification, and conservation biology. It includes species accounts for individual animal species and descriptions of taxa above the species level. The numerous species accounts are written by students and edited and reviewed by instructors and professional staff at the University of Michigan.
    http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html

  • BirdLife International
    BirdLife International is a global partnership of conservation organizations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity. According to its website, BirdLife provides information on all birds of the world. It allows users to search for information on a particular species or sets of species by specifying a number of different search criteria. The search feature allows users to find information on endangered or threatened bird species according to geographic location.
    http://www.birdlife.org/

  • Butterflies and Moths of North America
    Butterflies and Moths of North America is a searchable database of verified butterfly and moth records for the continent of North America from Panama to Canada. This site includes dynamic distribution maps, photographs, species accounts, and regional species checklists – including checklists for each county in the United States.
    http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/

  • FishBase
    Developed at the WorldFish Center, in conjunction with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, FishBase is an extremely comprehensive and widely consulted database on the world's fish species. It is a database with information that caters to different professionals such as research scientists, fisheries managers, zoologists, and more. FishBase on the web contains practically all fish species known to science.
    http://www.fishbase.org/home.htm

  • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    Provided by the World Conservation Union, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status, and distribution information on animals and plants that have been globally evaluated using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. The main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/

  • National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC)
    Located in Madison, Wisconsin and maintained by the United States Geological Survey, the NWHC disseminates information to "promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health”. Its website provides information, technical assistance, research, education, and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues.
    http://www.nwhc.usgs.gov/

  • NatureServe
    Created by the Association of Biodiversity Information, this site provides access to information on more than 70,000 plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States, Canada, and Latin America. Entries for organisms provide common name, scientific name, taxonomic hierarchy, distribution, conservation status, ecology and life history information, references, and more. NatureServe includes particularly in-depth coverage for rare and endangered species.
    http://www.natureserve.org/

  • North American Mammals
    The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History developed this website to serve as a resource for students, teachers, and the general public interested in the biology and identification of mammals in North America. It includes detailed descriptions, images, and distribution ranges for mammals native to the North American continent.
    http://www.mnh.si.edu/mna/

  • Primate Info Net
    Maintained by the National Primate Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, this site combines original content with links to outside sources and provides comprehensive information on a variety of primate species from across the globe.
    http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/index.html

  • Tree of Life
    The Tree of Life Web Project is a collaborative effort of biologists from around the world. The site provides pictures, text, and other information for organisms, living or extinct. Pages contain hierarchical information in the form of an evolutionary tree of life.
    http://www.tolweb.org/tree/

  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service
    The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service site provides access to policies, laws, regulations, procedures, planning efforts, scientific research, and educational activities related to the conservation of fish, wildlife, plants, and habitats. Among the site’s resources are information on endangered species, numerous handouts and publications, and an image library.
    http://www.fws.gov/

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Energy

  • Clean Cities
    Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative fuels and vehicles, idle reduction technologies, hybrid electric vehicles, fuel blends, and fuel economy. Its site provides access to an alternative fuels data center, information on alternative fuels vehicles, a document database, an alternative fuel station locator, and more.
    http://www.eere.energy.gov/cleancities/

  • Energy Information Administration (EIA)
    The Energy Information Administration, created by Congress in 1977, is a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. This site allows users to retrieve information on energy sources such as petroleum, natural gas, electricity, coal, nuclear, and renewable and alternative fuels. The site also provides access to reports and other information related to the energy consumption, energy production, and CO2 emissions for the United States and other countries across the globe.
    http://www.eia.doe.gov/

  • fueleconomy.gov
    A joint effort of the United States Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency, this site provides a wealth of information on automobile fuel efficiency. It includes emission and mileage information on models dating back to 1985, gas saving tips, information on tax incentives, gas price information, a handy fuel economy guide, and more.
    http://www.fueleconomy.gov/

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Environmental Health

  • Environmental Health and Toxicology: TOXNET
    This comprehensive toxicology and environmental health website includes links to databases, bibliographies, tutorials, and other scientific and consumer-oriented resources. The resources available through this site include a Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed), Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), Household Products Database, and more.
    http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro.html

  • Environmental Health News
    Published by the not-for-profit Environmental Health Sciences, the organizers of this site search a worldwide database of newspapers and magazines in order to provide a comprehensive collection of current information on environmental events that could affect human health.
    http://environmentalhealthnews.org/

  • GreenFacts
    GreenFacts is an independent non-profit organization whose mission is to bring complex scientific reports on health and the environment within the reach of non-specialists. It achieves this through a unique collection of peer reviewed “GreenFacts Digests”. The digests are presented in a three level structure of increasing detail and complexity, which allows the reader to access the level of information best suiting his or her needs.
    http://www.greenfacts.org/index.htm

  • National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH)
    Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the NCEH site contains numerous links that provide environmental health information and data. Topics covered include air pollution and respiratory health, asthma, lead poisoning prevention, and much more.
    http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/

  • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
    The mission of the NIEHS is to reduce the burden of human illness and disability by understanding how the environment influences the development and progression of human disease. Among this site’s features is access to publications, fact sheets, and pamphlets of a variety of environmental health topics.
    http://www.niehs.nih.gov/

  • World Health Organization - Quantifying Environmental Health Impacts
    This site provides materials and information related to the World Health Organization’s efforts to quantify environmental health impacts. It provides information on the environmental burden of disease, world maps for a variety of environmental risk factors, and access to publications.
    http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/en/

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Global Warming

  • Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)
    The CDIAC is the primary climate change data and information analysis center of the United States Department of Energy (DOE). Its data holdings include records of the concentration of carbon dioxide and other radiatively active gases in the atmosphere, emissions of carbon dioxide, long term climate trends, and more.
    http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/

  • Climate Change: Discovery of Global Warming
    Created by science historian Spencer Weart, this site provides a thorough history of climate change along with access to basic facts and detailed current technical information. This site supplements Weart’s book The Discovery of Global Warming which is available at the Alverno library.
    http://www.aip.org/history/climate/index.html

  • Earth System Research Laboratory - Global Monitoring Division
    A division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Global Monitoring Division (GMD) maintains accurate, long-term records of atmospheric gases, aerosol particles, and solar radiation. The GMD’s mission is to understand the Earth's atmospheric system in order to develop products that will advance global and regional environmental information and services.
    http://www.cmdl.noaa.gov/

  • U. S. Global Change Research Program
    The U. S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) supports research on the interactions of natural and human-induced changes in the global environment and their implications for society. The reports provided on this site will help students understand, assess, and predict global change.
    http://www.globalchange.gov/

  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
    The role of the IPCC is to assess technical and socio-economic information relevant to understanding the scientific basis of risk of human induced climate change, its potential impacts, and options for adaptation and mitigation. Its site provides free access to numerous publications and reports which are available in several languages.
    http://www.ipcc.ch/

  • National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration - Climate
    The NOAA site provides access to wealth of information on the climate and global warming. It includes archived weather data dating back to 1900, weekly U. S. drought assessments, publication and reports on global climate change, and much more.
    http://www.noaa.gov/climate.html

  • Pew Center on Global Climate Change
    The Pew Center on Global Climate Change is a non-profit, charitable organization that seeks to provide independent research into global climate change. Its site includes access to publications and reports that provide basic, as well as in-depth perspectives on the issues associated with global warming and government policy.
    http://www.pewclimate.org/

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Invasive Species

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Plants

  • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    Provided by the World Conservation Union, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status, and distribution information on animals and plants that have been globally evaluated using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. The main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/

  • PLANTS Database
    Provided by the United States Department of Agriculture, the PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the United States and its territories.
    http://plants.usda.gov/

  • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    Provided by the World Conservation Union, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status, and distribution information on animals and plants that have been globally evaluated using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. The main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa that are facing a higher risk of global extinction.
    http://www.iucnredlist.org/

  • NatureServe
    Created by the Association of Biodiversity Information, this site provides access to information on more than 70,000 plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States, Canada, and Latin America. Entries for organisms provide common name, scientific name, taxonomic hierarchy, distribution, conservation status, ecology and life history information, references, and more. NatureServe includes particularly in-depth coverage for rare and endangered species.
    http://www.natureserve.org/

  • Tree of Life
    The Tree of Life Web Project is a collaborative effort of biologists from around the world. The site provides pictures, text, and other information for organisms, living or extinct. Pages contain hierarchical information in the form of an evolutionary tree of life.
    http://www.tolweb.org/tree/

  • Wisflora
    Presented by the Wisconsin State Herbarium at the University of Wisconsin – Madison, this is a fully searchable website of Wisconsin's vascular plant species. It includes photos, habitat information, distribution maps, herbarium specimen data, and more.
    http://www.botany.wisc.edu/wisflora/

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Toxic Substances

  • ATSDR - Toxicological Profile Information Sheet
    Provided by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), this site provides toxicological profiles for hazardous substances found at National Priorities List (NPL) sites. (NPL is the list of hazardous waste sites eligible for long-term federally funded remedial action). These hazardous substances are ranked based on frequency of occurrence at NPL sites, toxicity, and potential for human exposure. Toxicological profiles have been developed from a priority list of 275 substances.
    http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/index.asp

  • Environmental Health and Toxicology: TOXNET
    This comprehensive toxicology and environmental health website includes links to databases, bibliographies, tutorials, and other scientific and consumer-oriented resources. The resources available through this site include a Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed), Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), Household Products Database, and more.
    http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro.html

  • Environmental Protection Agency – Pesticides
    The EPA site provides information on a variety of topics related to pesticides. This page provides links to numerous pesticide fact sheets, as well as access to information on health and safety, environmental effects, regulating pesticides, and much more.
    http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB)
    HSDB is a toxicology data file that focuses on the toxicology of potentially hazardous chemicals. It is enhanced with information on human exposure, industrial hygiene, emergency handling procedures, environmental fate, regulatory requirements, and related areas. All data are referenced and derived from a core set of books, government documents, technical reports, and selected primary journal literature.
    http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?HSDB

  • Household Products Database
    This database provides health and safety information on household products. Information in the Household Products Database is taken from a variety of publicly available sources, including brand-specific labels and Material Safety Data Sheets prepared by manufacturers.
    http://hpd.nlm.nih.gov/

  • International Programme on Chemical Safety - IPCS INCHEM
    This site provides access to internationally peer reviewed information on chemicals commonly used throughout the world, which may also occur as contaminants in the environment and food. It consolidates information from a number of intergovernmental organizations whose goal it is to assist in the sound management of chemicals.
    http://www.inchem.org/

  • National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC)
    The NPIC was created through a cooperative agreement between Oregon State University and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Its site provides objective, science-based information on pesticide-related topics and includes numerous factsheets and links to useful resources.
    http://npic.orst.edu/

  • TOXMAP
    Provided by the National Library of Medicine, TOXMAP is a Global Information System (GIS) that uses maps of the United States to help users visually explore data from the EPA's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and Superfund Programs. It is designed for nontechnical people interested in learning about air and water pollutants in their area.
    http://toxmap.nlm.nih.gov/toxmap/main/index.jsp

  • Tox Town
    Tox Town uses color, graphics, sounds, and animation to add interest to learning about connections between chemicals, the environment, and the public's health. It is designed to give information on everyday locations where one might find toxic chemicals. This site is a companion to the extensive information in TOXNET, the National Library of Medicine’s collection of databases that are typically used by toxicologists and health professionals.
    http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/

  • Toxics Release Inventory (TRI)
    Provided by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Toxic Release Inventory tracks the management of certain toxic chemicals that may pose a threat to human health and the environment. There are currently over 650 chemicals covered by the TRI Program. Facilities that manufacture, process, or otherwise use these chemicals in amounts above established levels must submit annual TRI reports on each chemical. The TRI chemical list doesn't include all toxic chemicals used in the United States.
    http://www.epa.gov/tri/tridata/tri05/index.htm

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Water

  • Environmental Protection Agency – Water
    The EPA site provides information on a variety of topics related to water. This page provides access to information on aquatic ecosystems, drinking water, ground water, water pollution, and more.
    http://water.epa.gov/

  • International Water Law Project
    The International Water Law Project is an information resource for international water law and policy materials. The site includes the text of multilateral treaties, cases, soft law sources, an extensive bibliography, and links to related websites.
    http://www.internationalwaterlaw.org/index.html

  • UN-Water
    This comprehensive Web site consolidates and supplements information from all the United Nations (UN) agencies and programs, as well as major non-UN partners concerned with freshwater and sanitation. UN-Water provides access to publications and reports with information on the status and trends in freshwater at the global and regional levels.
    http://www.unwater.org

  • Water Quality Information Center (WQIC)
    The WQIC provides electronic access to information on water quality and agriculture. The center collects, organizes, and communicates the scientific findings, educational methodologies, and public policy issues related to water quality and agriculture.
    http://wqic.nal.usda.gov/

  • Water Resources Education - University of Wisconsin Extension
    Created by the UW-Extension Environmental Resources Center, this site provides access to numerous publications and educational materials that cover important aspects of water resources education.
    http://clean-water.uwex.edu/pubs/

  • WINDandSEA Internet Guide
    This site, provided by the Central Library of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), is an extensive gateway to information on oceanic and atmospheric issues. Presently it has over 1,000 selected links to science and policy sites organized by topic. All of the sites have been reviewed and annotated by NOAA Central Library and NOAA Regional Libraries staff.
    http://www.lib.noaa.gov/docs/wind/windandsea.html

  • Wisconsin Water Library (University of Wisconsin – Madison)
    Established in 1964 by the UW Water Resources Institute, the Water Resources Library has a collection of almost 30,000 volumes of water-related information. Through its website, any resident of Wisconsin can check out the library's materials, which are sent free of charge to the user's local public library for pick up and return. The site also serves as a gateway to numerous online resources.
    http://aqua.wisc.edu/waterlibrary/

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